The Facts About Protein
Repair, maintain and grow
While carbohydrates are the body's favoured source of fuel, protein plays a huge part in the repair, maintenance and growth of body tissues. It also plays a role in the energy and muscle preservation needs of athletes and those following intense programmes. Protein is especially important after a workout, as during exercise your muscle protein breaks down – mixing carbs and proteins makes it easier for your body to absorb the protein whilst it undergoes repair during post-workout recovery, turning it into muscle mass.
- Protein should make up 10 to 15% of your daily calorie intake.
- The word “protein” was first used in 1883 and is from the Greek word ‘proteios’, which means “primary” or “holding the first place.”
- The fish with the most protein is the Yellowfin Tuna, with 30 grams per 100-gram serving.
- Without a protein called Albumin, the entire human body would swell.
- The human body has about 100,000 different types of protein. The body needs protein to grow, heal, and carry about nearly every chemical reaction in the body.
- Protein is in every one of the trillions of cells in the human body. There could be no life without protein. The only other substance more plentiful in the body is water.
- Complete proteins (whole proteins) are proteins that contain all nine of the essential amino acids. Typically, proteins from animal foods such as meats, poultry, fish, dairy, and eggs are complete. Incomplete protein sources usually include nuts and vegetables.
- The protein in eggs is the highest quality of protein found in any food.
- Eating too much protein can be dangerous for the body. For example, high levels of protein can stress the livers and kidneys because they have to work extra hard to dismantle and dispose of the extra protein. Excess protein can also lead to weight gain.